Hardsubs and softsubs
- Hardsubs refer to subtitles that have been hard-encoded into the video stream. You get all you need in one package, but you cannot separate the video from the subtitles — it is like a program binary.
- Softsubs are subtitles that are rendered during playback by a DirectShow filter (under Windows). They include subpacks.
Whether they're hardsubbed or softsubbed, they are usually one of the three major formats used by anime groups:
- Subrip (SRT): The simplest format, usually not adequate for anime, due to confusion when multiple characters talk at once or when there are signs on-screen.